Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published by: Kowsar

A Biosystematic and Morphometric Investigation of the Characters of Rodents (Mammalia: Rodentia) as Reservoir Hosts for Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in an Endemic Focus of Sistan-Baluchistan Province, Iran

Hamid Kassiri 1 and Mona Sharififard 1 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Health, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: January 21, 2015, 10 (1); e60117
  • Published Online: January 25, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: March 10, 2014
  • Revised: December 2, 2014
  • Accepted: December 28, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/archcid.18823

To Cite: Kassiri H, Sharififard M. A Biosystematic and Morphometric Investigation of the Characters of Rodents (Mammalia: Rodentia) as Reservoir Hosts for Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in an Endemic Focus of Sistan-Baluchistan Province, Iran, Arch Clin Infect Dis. 2015 ; 10(1):e60117. doi: 10.5812/archcid.18823.

Copyright © 2015, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Mehrabani D, Motazedian MH, Hatam GR, Asgari Q, Owji SM, Oryan A. Leishmania major in Tatera indica in Fasa, Southern Iran: Microscopy, Culture, Isoenzyme, PCR and Morphologic Study. Asian J Anim Vet Adv. 2011; 6(3): 255-64[DOI]
  • 2. Darvish J, Siahsarvie R, Mirshamsi O, Keyvanfar N, Hashemi N, Sadeghi Shakib F. Diversity of the rodents of northeast Iran. Int J Agri Biol. 2006; 2(1): 57-76
  • 3. Shirani Bidabadi L, Nilforoushzadeh MA, Akhavan AA, Abdoli H, Siadat AH, Jaffary F, et al. Karyosystematic and morphometric characterization of the rodents as reservoir hosts of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in an endemic focus of Isfahan Province, Iran. J Vector Borne Dis. 2009; 46(1): 52-6[PubMed]
  • 4. Ghorbani F, Darvish H, Gholi Kami H, Mirshamsi O. Rodent fauna of the western Golestan province in northeast Iran. Int J Agri Biol. 2010; 6(1): 37-48
  • 5. Zarei R, Darvish J, Esmaeili HR, Tarahomi SM. [A Biosystematic survey of Shiraz (Central Part) rodents. Iran]. J Bio. 2010; 23(4): 573-82
  • 6. Azarpira M, Madjdzadeh SM, Darvish J. A Faunistic study of rodents (Mammalia: Rodentia) in Anjerk prohibited hunting area, Kerman Province. Iran. J Biol. 2012; 25(2): 240-51
  • 7. Nateghpour M, Akhavan AA, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Telmadarraiy Z, Ayazian Mavi S, Hosseini-Vasoukolaei N, et al. Wild rodents and their ectoparasites in Baluchistan area, southeast of Iran. Trop Biomed. 2013; 30(1): 72-7[PubMed]
  • 8. Azizi K, Davari B, Kalantari M, Fekri S. [Gerbillid Rodents Fauna (Muridae: Gerbillinae) and detection of reservoir hosts(s) of Zoonotic Cutaneous leishmaniasis using a Nested-PCR technique in Jask City in Hormozgan Province 2008]. Sci J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci. 2011; 16(2): 66-76
  • 9. Saki J, Khademvatan SA. [molecular study on cutaneous leishmaniasis lesions in Khuzestan province (South west of Iran]. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2011; 4(4): 283-8
  • 10. Mahmoodi MR, Mohajery M, Afshari JT, Shakeri MT, Yazdanpanah MJ, Fariba Berenji F, et al. Molecular identification of Leishmania species causing cutaneous leishmaniasis in Mashhad, Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2010; 3(4): 195-200
  • 11. Bakhshi H, Oshaghi MA, Abai MR, Rassi Y, Akhavan AA, Mohebali M, et al. MtDNA CytB Structure of Rhombomys opimus (Rodentia: Gerbellidae), the Main Reservoir of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the Borderline of Iran-Turkmenistan. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2013; 7(2): 173-84[PubMed]
  • 12. Kassiri H, Shemshad K, Kassiri A, Shojaee S, Sharifinia N, Shemshad M. Clinical laboratory and epidemiological research on cutaneous leishmaniasis in the south west of Iran. Arch Clin Infect Dis. 2012; 7(4): 128-31
  • 13. Oshaghi MA, Rasolian M, Shirzadi MR, Mohtarami F, Doosti S. First report on isolation of Leishmania tropica from sandflies of a classical urban Cutaneous leishmaniasis focus in southern Iran. Exp Parasitol. 2010; 126(4): 445-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Sharifi I, Poursmaelian S, Aflatoonian MR, Ardakani RF, Mirzaei M, Fekri AR, et al. Emergence of a new focus of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania tropica in rural communities of Bam district after the earthquake, Iran. Trop Med Int Health. 2011; 16(4): 510-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Beiranvand E, Kalantari M, Rastgar HA, Amraee K. Molecular Identification of Leishmania Species Isolated From Human Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Poledokhtar District, Lorestan Province, Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2013; 6(6)[DOI]
  • 16. Nadim A, Faghih M. The epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Isfahan province of Iran. I. The reservoir. II. The human disease. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1968; 62(4): 534-42[PubMed]
  • 17. Mirzaei A, Rouhani S, Kazerooni P, Farahmand M, Parvizi P. Molecular detection and conventional identification of leishmania species in reservoir hosts of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in fars province, South of iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2013; 8(2): 280-8[PubMed]
  • 18. Yaghoobi-Ershadi M. Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Iran and their Role on Leishmania Transmission. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2012; 6(1): 1-17[PubMed]
  • 19. Akhavan A, Yaghoobi-Ershadi M, Mirhendi H, Alimohammadian M, Rassi Y, Shareghi N, et al. Molecular epizootiology of rodent leishmaniasis in a hyperendemic area of iran. Iran J Public Health. 2010; 39(1): 1-7[PubMed]
  • 20. Vazirianzadeh B, Saki J, Jahanifard E, Zarean M, Amraee K, Navid Pour S. Isolation and Identification of Leishmania Species From Sandflies and Rodents Collected From Roffaye District, Khuzestan Province, Southwest of Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2013; 6(6)[DOI]
  • 21. Mehrabani D, Motazedian MH, Oryan A, Asgari Q, Hatam GR, Karamian M. A search for the rodent hosts of Leishmania major in the Larestan region of southern Iran: demonstration of the parasite in Tatera indica and Gerbillus sp., by microscopy, culture and PCR. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2007; 101(4): 315-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Motazedian MH, Parhizkari M, Mehrabani D, Hatam G, Asgari Q. First detection of Leishmania major in Rattus norvegicus from Fars Province, Southern Iran. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2010; 10(10): 969-75[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Azizi K, Moemenbellah-Fard MD, Fakoorziba MR, Fekri S. Gerbillus nanus (Rodentia: Muridae): a new reservoir host of Leishmania major. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2011; 105(6): 431-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR, Javadian E. Epidemiological study of reservoir hosts in an endemic area of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran. Bull World Health Organ. 1996; 74(6): 587-90[PubMed]
  • 25. Kassiri H, Javadian E, Abdigoudarzi M. Natural Leishmania infection in Meriones hurrianae and Tatera indica (Rodentia: Cricetidea: Gerbillinae) in Sistan-Baluchistan Province, south-eastern of Iran. Adv Stud Biol. 2011; 3(6): 247-56
  • 26. Kassiri H, Javadian E, Hanafi-Bojd AA. Faunistic survey of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Chabahar County, southeast of Iran. J Exp Zool India. 2011; 14(2): 663-6
  • 27. Kassiri H. Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) as vectors of leishmaniasis in the County of Iranshahr, Sistan-Baluchistan Province, Southeast of Iran. Iran J Clin Infect Dis. 2012; 6(3): 112-6
  • 28. Kassiri H, Naddaf SR, Javadian E–A, Mohebali M. First report on isolation and characterization of Leishmania major from Meriones hurrianae (Rodentia: Gerbillidae) of a rural cutaneous leishmaniasis focus in South-Eastern Iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013; 15(9): 789-93
  • 29. Kassiri H, Naddaf SR, Mohebali M, Javadian E-A. Molecular Characterization of Leishmania Infection in Sand flies From Sistan Va Baluchistan Province, Southeastern Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2012; 5(2): 430-1[DOI]
  • 30. Sedaghat MM, Salahi Moghadam A. Mapping the distribution of the important rodents reservoir in Iran. . J Army Univ Med Sci I.R. 2010; 8(3): 210-23
  • 31. Darvish J. Morphmetric comparison of fourteen species of the genus Meriones Illiger, (Gerbillinae, Rodentia) from Asia and North Africa. Int J Agri Biol. 2009; 15(1): 59-77
  • 32. Gramiccia M, Gradoni L. The current status of zoonotic leishmaniases and approaches to disease control. Int J Parasitol. 2005; 35(11-12): 1169-80[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments