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Epidemiological Survey of Animal Bites in East of Iran

AUTHORS

Bita Bijari 1 , * , Gholam Reza Sharifzade 2 , Ali Abbasi 3 , Solyman Salehi 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Community Medicine Specialist. Department of Community Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IR Iran

2 Master of Epidemiology, Department of Community Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IR Iran

3 Bachelors in Health, Department of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IR Iran

4 Bachelors in Health, Health Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, IR Iran

How to Cite: Bijari B, Sharifzade G R, Abbasi A, Salehi S. Epidemiological Survey of Animal Bites in East of Iran, Arch Clin Infect Dis. Online ahead of Print ; 6(2):90-2.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: 6 (2); 90-2
Article Type: Brief Report

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Abstract

Objectives: Animal bite is an important public health problem. In Iran, surveillance system carries out primary prevention for total animal bite cases in order to prevention of rabies. This study is carried out to investigate animal bite epidemiology in Birjand from 2002 to 2009.

Patients and Methods: Standardized investigation form is used to record data from Birjand health center regarding demographic data of individuals, exposure status, treatment and biting animals between 2002 and 2009.

Results: The mostly affected individuals were in age group of 20-29 (23.9%), males (78.3%) and in rural residents (64.2%). Moreover, 86.3% were bitten by domestic animals and most cases were bitten by dog (80.3 %). Incidence rate of animal bites in Birjand was increased from 54.36 to 86.74 in 100 000 from 2002 to 2009.

Conclusion: This study indicated that rabies surveillance in Birjand should focus on education to individuals, domestic animal vaccination and eradication of stray dogs.

Keywords

Animal Bite, Rabies, Epidemiology, Birjand.

© 0, Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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