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Cryptococcal Meningitis Relapse in an Iimmunocompetent Patient

AUTHORS

Roya Ghasemian 1 , Narges Najafi 1 , Tahereh Shokohi 2 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 North Iranian Research Center for Infectious Disease, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran

2 Department of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran

How to Cite: Ghasemian R, Najafi N, Shokohi T. Cryptococcal Meningitis Relapse in an Iimmunocompetent Patient, Arch Clin Infect Dis. Online ahead of Print ; 6(1):51-5.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: 6 (1); 51-5
Article Type: Case Report

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Abstract

Background: Cryptococcal meningitis is a common opportunistic infection in patients with underlying immunosuppressive state specially AIDS patients. However, it could be seen in immunocompetent patients mostly in tropical areas. There are scanty reports of such infection in healthy patients of non-tropical areas.

Patient: We report an immunocompetent 43 years old Iranian man who was in excellent health status until 3 weeksbefore hospitalization when he developed headache. He experienced a 5-week delay in diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis which led to his blindness of right eye despite treatment.

Conclusion: We believed that the nonspecific clinical and laboratory finding of the present case and also the rarity of disease in our area especially in immunocompetent patients made his diagnosis confounding.

Keywords

Cryptococcal meningitis, Immunocompetent state, Immunocompromised state.

© 0, Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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