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Epidemiology of Hospitalized Burn Patients During 5 Years in Khuzestan Province, Iran

AUTHORS

Alireza Ekrami 1 , * , Ahmad Hemadi 1 , Enayat Kalantar 2 , Mahmood Latifi 1 , Abbas Kayedani 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahwaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, IR Iran

2 Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR Iran

How to Cite: Ekrami A, Hemadi A, Kalantar E, Latifi M, Kayedani A. Epidemiology of Hospitalized Burn Patients During 5 Years in Khuzestan Province, Iran, Arch Clin Infect Dis. Online ahead of Print ; 5(1):40-4.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: 5 (1); 40-4
Article Type: Brief Report

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Abstract

Background: Infection is one of the most common causes of complication in burn patients. A severe burn injury is not only a lifethreatening problem for the burned patients, but it also may have serious financial effects on the patient and society.

Patients and methods: In a descriptive study, medical files of 6082 consecutive admissions for burn injury treated at Taleghani Burn Hospital over a five-year period were reviewed.

Results: The mean age of patients was 22.416.9 years and overall male to female ratio was 1.25. Burns were more common during winter (33.6%) (p<0.001). Fire accident was the most common cause in all age groups (66.1%), except subjects aged less than 10 years. The percent of TBSA for burned patients ranged between 1% and 100% with a mean of 38.729.8%. There was a correlation between TBSA percentage and age (r=0.18%). The mean and median hospital stay was 14 and 9 days, respectively, with a range of 1-311 days. There was a significant association between fire accident and hospital stay (p<0.001). Of 6082 patients, 486 deaths were recorded (8%). E. coli in urine culture and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in blood and wound culture were the most predominant isolated bacteria.

Conclusion: Preventive programs for reducing the risk of burns are needed. Furthermore, high percentage of TBSA and mortality and the presence of multi-drugs resistance bacteria are major concerns in our hospital.

Keywords

Burns, Mortality, Epidemiology, Total Body Surface Area (TBSA)

© 0, Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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