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Epidemiology of Shigellosis with Special Reference to Hospital Distribution of Shigella Strains in Tehran

AUTHORS

Reza Ranjbar 1 , Mohammad Mahdi Soltan Dallal 2 , * , Mohammad Reza Pourshafie 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Molecular Biology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Department of Microbiology, Institute Pasture of Iran, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Ranjbar R, Soltan Dallal M M, Pourshafie M R. Epidemiology of Shigellosis with Special Reference to Hospital Distribution of Shigella Strains in Tehran, Arch Clin Infect Dis. 2008 ; 3(1):e93391.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: 3 (1); e93391
Published Online: January 30, 2008
Article Type: Brief Report
Received: May 12, 2019
Accepted: January 30, 2008

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Abstract

Background: Infection caused by Shigella species are an important cause of diarrheal disease, in both developing and developed countries. Shigellosis is one of the major causes of morbidity in children with diarrhea in Iran. Aim of this study, was to investigate the epidemiology of shigellosis with special reference to hospital distribution of Shigella strains in Tehran between December 2002 and November 2003.

Materials and Methods: Enteritis cases admitted at the Children Medial Center and Mofid, Baqiyatallah, Millad and Firozabadi hospitals in Tehran, Iran were included in this study. Fecal specimens and rectal swabs were cultured and identified for Shigella species using standard microbiological techniques.

Results: One hundred and forty one, 102, 56 and 3 Shigella strains were isolated from patients admitted to Children’s Hospital Medial Center, Mofid, Milad, and other hospitals respectively. Shigella was isolated frequently from children under 5 years of age, who were accounted for 55.7% of all isolates. About 39.7 % of all isolates came from patients aged 5-12 years, and 4.3% from patients aged over 12 years of age.

Conclusion: Shigellosis is one of the most important infectious diseases in Iran. Results of our research have revealed that Shigella is still one of the most important causes of diarrhea among children in Tehran, Iran. The prevention of Shigella infections in children is an essential approach to control of shigellosis in the country.

Keywords

Shigella species Epidemiology Shigellosis

© 2008, Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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