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Procalcitonin in Diagnosing the Diabetic Foot Infection

AUTHORS

Mahshid Talebi Taher 1 , * , Sedigheh Moradi 2 , Marziyeh Razi Azizi 3 , Mehdi Shekarabi 4 , Mitra Barati 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Associate professor, Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital, Antimicrobial Resistant Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran. IR Iran

2 Endocrinologist, assistant professor, Firoozgar Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Internist, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

4 Immunologist, Associate Professor, Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital, Pediatric Infectious Disease Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran, IR Iran

5 Associate professor, Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital, Pediatric Infectious Disease Research Center, Faculty Of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Talebi Taher M, Moradi S, Azizi M R, Shekarabi M, Barati M. Procalcitonin in Diagnosing the Diabetic Foot Infection, Arch Clin Infect Dis. 2011 ; 6(2):e93412.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: 6 (2); e93412
Published Online: April 30, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 12, 2019
Accepted: March 08, 2011

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Abstract

Objectives: Diabetic foot infection is a debilitating disease that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this study, we assessed inflammatory markers; serum Procalcitonin (PCT), c-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and leukocyte counts in two groups of patients with infected and non-infected diabetic foot ulcer.

Patients and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on diabetic patients during 18 months in Firoozgar Hospital. Patients were divided in two groups according to Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) guideline for diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections. Blood samples were drawn from venous lines for measurement of complete blood count (CBC), ESR, CRP, and PCT. Diagnostic values of serum PCT Levels were determined by immunoluminometric assay. SPSS version 15.0 software was used for analysis.

Results: Sixty adult patients were considered for this study. Thirty patients with infected ulcer with mean age of 57.5× 2.09 years and 30 with non- infected ulcers with mean age of 61.1 1.9 years were evaluated. Patients with infected ulcers had significantly elevated levels of CRP, ESR and leukocyte counts in comparison with the non- infected ulcers. Serum PCT levels did not differ between the two groups.

Conclusion: Our study suggests CRP, ESR and Leukocyte counts can be used to diagnose of infected ulcers. The role of PCT in localized infections should be determined in further studies.

Keywords

Diabetes Diabetic Foot infection Inflammatory markers Procalcitonin

© 2011, Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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