The VDR and TNF-? Gene Polymorphisms in Iranian Tuberculosis Patients: The Study on Host Susceptibility


Mohammed Varahram 1 , Parissa Farnia 1 , * , Sabar Anoosheh 1 , Mehdi Kazampour 1 , Muayad Merza 1 , Shima Saeif 1 , Mohammad Reza Masjedi 1 , Ali Akbar Velayati 1

1 Mycobacteriology Research Centre, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University, M.C., Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Varahram M, Farnia P, Anoosheh S, Kazampour M, Merza M, et al. The VDR and TNF-? Gene Polymorphisms in Iranian Tuberculosis Patients: The Study on Host Susceptibility, Arch Clin Infect Dis. Online ahead of Print ; 4(4):207-213.


Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: 4 (4); 207-213
Article Type: Research Article




Background: VitaminD receptor (VDR) and tumor necrosis factoralpha (TNF-?) genes are thought to be important in the intracellular killing of mycobacteria. This study aimed to determine the association of VDR and TNF-? variant with development of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) among Iranian patients.

Patients and methods: Selected regions of VDR and TNF-? were amplified, and then the PCR products were digested using restriction enzyme (RFLP). Digested products were run on 8% polyacrylamide gel, and were stained with silver nitrate. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at restriction sites of BsmI, and FokI of VDR gene and SNPs of TNF-? at -238,-308, -244,-857,-863 positions were analyzed by PCR-RFLP among 117 PTB cases and 60 healthy controls.

Results: No statistically significant difference was observed in allele frequencies of FokI of VDR and TNF-? at -238, -244,-863 and 857 position. Although, the frequency of b allele of BsmI (p=0.001) and -308 A variant in TNF-? promoter region (p=0.006) were significantly more in PTB patients than healthy controls. The frequency of extended diplotypes were different in patients and control subjects (p<0.05).

Conclusion: This study confirmed the association of VDR BsmI and TNF-? -308A with susceptibility to tuberculosis in Iranian PTB patients. In addition, the results showed the importance of haplotypes and diplotypes analysis in determining the host susceptibility against TB


VDR, TNF-? gene, Tuberculosis.

© 0, Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Full Text

Full text is available in PDF