Microbiologic Assessment of Non-Surgical Traumatic Wound Infections and Surgical Site Infections in Hospitalized Patients

AUTHORS

Hossein Noroozi 1 , * , Ali Kazemi 2 , Razieh Fadaee 1 , Shahrbanoo Alavi 2 , Mona Mohammadzadeh 3

1 Department of Medical Mycology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

2 Department of Pharmacology, Islamic Azad University, Sciences & Researches Campus, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Department of Microbiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Noroozi H, Kazemi A, Fadaee R, Alavi S, Mohammadzadeh M. Microbiologic Assessment of Non-Surgical Traumatic Wound Infections and Surgical Site Infections in Hospitalized Patients, Arch Clin Infect Dis. Online ahead of Print ; 5(2):80-3.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases: 5 (2); 80-3
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Background: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common nosocomial infections in surgical patients. Depending on the source of a traumatic wound, particular pathogens are expected to be present while their prevalence varies in different conditions. This study focused on determination of microorganisms in traumatic wound infection and the frequency of Staphylococcus aureus and other organisms in SSIs.

Patients and methods: A total of 116 patients were studied among whom 86 patients (18 females and 68 males) underwent microbiological assessment for non-surgical wound infections and 30 patients (all were males) had SSIs. Specimens were cultured on blood agar, MacConkey agar, and chocolate agar while direct examination and gramstaining were also achieved for each sample.

Results: Staphylococcus aureus (20.9%) was the most commonly isolated organism among non-surgical traumatic wound infections, however, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella Arizona and streptococcus group A were less commonly isolated (1.1% each). Similarly, S. aureus (40%) was the most prevalent isolated organism in SSIs while enterobacter Spp was found only in 4 cases (13.3%).

Conclusion: Our results revealed that S. aureus is the most commonly isolated organism in non-surgical traumatic wound infections and SSIs, therefore, appropriate therapeutic approach and applying efficient preventive modalities are of utmost importance.

Keywords

Surgical site infections, Staphylococcus aureus, Microbiology

© 0, Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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